Boy Scout Merit Badge
- Explain what orienteering is.
- Point out and name five major terrain features on a map and in the
- Point out and name 10 symbols often found on a topographic map.
- Explain how a compass works. Describe the features of an orienteering
compass and their uses.
- In the field, show how to take a compass bearing and how to follow one.
- Explain the meaning of declination. Tell why declination must be taken
into consideration when using map and compass together.
- Provide a topographic map of your area with magnetic north-south lines.
- Show how to transfer a direction on a map to your compass.
- Show how to measure distances, using a scale on an orienteering compass.
- Set up a 300m pace course. Figure out your running pace for 100 meters.
- Explain a descriptive clue. Tell how it is used in orienteering.
- Explain how to use an attack point. Describe the offset technique. Tell
what is meant by collecting features.
- Do the following:
- Take part in three orienteering events. One of these must be a
- After each course, write a report with
- a copy of the master map and descriptive clues,
- a copy of the route you took on the course,
- a discussion of how you could improve your time between points, and
- list of your major weaknesses on this course.
Describe what you could do to improve.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Set up a cross-country course of at least 2,000 meters long with five
control markers. Prepare the master map. Mark the descriptive clues.
- Set up a score-orienteering course with 12 points and a time limit of 60
minutes. Prepare the master map. Set the descriptive clues and point value
for each control on this course.
- Act as an official during an orienteering event. (This may be during the
running of the course you set up for requirement 8.)
- Teach orienteering techniques to your patrol, troop or post.
BSA Advancement ID#: 80
Source: Boy Scout
Requirements, #33215E, revised 2002