Boy Scout Merit Badge Requirements


  1. Explain the chemistry and physics of fire. Name the parts of the fire tetrahedron. Explain why vapors are important to the burning process. Name the products of combustion. Give an example of how fire grows and what happens.
  2. Name the most frequent causes of fire in the home and give examples of ways it can be prevented.
  3. List the actions that cause seasonal fires and explain how these fires can be prevented.
  4. List common circumstances that cause holiday-related fires and explain how these fires can be prevented.
  5. List the most frequent causes of burn injuries.
  6. Conduct a home safety survey with the help of an adult, then do the following:
    1. Draw a home fire escape plan, create a home fire drill schedule, and conduct a home fire drill.
    2. Test a smoke alarm and demonstrate regular maintenance of a smoke alarm. (Note: Establish a pattern. For example, change smoke alarm batteries at least once a year -- on the same birthday or holiday each year, or when you set your clocks forward for daylight saving time in the spring, or back in the fall for return to standard time.)
    3. Explain what to do when you smell gas and when you smell smoke.
    4. Explain how you would call in a fire alarm.
    5. Explain what fire safety equipment can be found in public buildings.
    6. Explain who should use fire extinguishers and when they can be used.
  7. Do the following:
    1. Demonstrate lighting a match safely.
    2. Demonstrate the safe way to start a charcoal fire.
    3. Demonstrate how to extinguish a grease pan fire.
    4. Demonstrate the safe way to melt wax.
  8. Explain the difference between combustible and noncombustible liquids and between combustible and noncombustible fabrics.
  9. Do the following:
    1. Demonstrate the safe way to fuel a lawn mower.
    2. Demonstrate the safety factors, such as proper ventilation, for auxiliary heating devices and the proper way to fuel such devices.
    3. Demonstrate the technique of stop, drop, roll, and cool. Explain how burn injuries can be prevented.
  10. Do the following:
    1. Explain the cost of outdoor and wildland fires and how to prevent them.
    2. Demonstrate setting up and putting out a cooking fire.
    3. Demonstrate using a camp-stove and lantern.
    4. Explain how to set up a campsite safe from a fire.
  11. Visit a fire station. Identify the types of fire trucks. Find out about the fire prevention activities in your community.

BSA Advancement ID#: 50
Source: Boy Scout Requirements, #33215E, revised 2002