Boy Scout Merit Badge Requirements


  1. List 10 common tools found in a well-equipped farm shop and explain how to safely use each one.
  2. Do the following:
    1. List 10 safety devices in a well-equipped farm shop and explain the function of each.
    2. Demonstrate proper safety apparel and equipment to be worn and used when operating a grinder, wire-brush wheel, welder, or drill.
    3. Draw a plan showing a well-equipped farm shop. Point out mandatory safety devices and features in the shop.
  3. Explain how power is produced or transferred in a:
    1. Diesel engine
    2. Hydraulic system
    3. Transmission or any other power system.
  4. Do TWO of the following:
    1. Replace the handle of any tool found on the farm.
    2. Build a tool rack with storage for nails, bolts, nuts, and washers.
    3. Properly grind the mushroom head off of a chisel or punch.
    4. Correctly grind or file a screwdriver tip.
  5. Do ONE of the following:
    1. Make necessary adjustments to ready a piece of farm equipment or machinery for field operation.
    2. Choose a piece of farm machinery or equipment. Check all nuts, bolts, and screws. Tighten any that are loose. Replace those that are missing, worn, or damaged.
    3. Repair broken or worn farm machinery or equipment.
  6. Make a list of safety precautions, adjustments, or repairs you make for requirement 5.
  7. Do ONE of the following:
    1. On an engine-powered machine: grease all fittings, change oil and oil filter, clean air cleaner, flush cooling system, clean radiator fins, and replace diesel fuel filters.
    2. With any farm machine, do a daily service check for field use. (Do things needed for best field performance.)
    3. Prepare any farm machine for winter storage.
  8. Visit an implement dealer. Interview the dealer technician or service manager for hints on good preventive maintenance. Ask why it is important. What are the costs? What happens that causes wear or damage? Report what you discovered.
  9. Explain each step in ONE of the following maintenance procedures:
    1. Tightening hydraulic fittings
    2. Servicing spark plugs
    3. Lubricating a clutch-release bearing
    4. Cleaning a work piece with a wire-brush wheel.

BSA Advancement ID#: 48
Source: Boy Scout Requirements, #33215E, revised 2002