Boy Scout Merit Badge
- Name four breeds of livestock in each of the following classifications:
horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, hogs. Tell their principal uses and
merits. Tell where the breeds originated.
- List the principal diseases in your area that afflict the animals in each
classification. Describe the symptoms and explain the proper treatment for the
diseases you list.
- Explain the major differences in digestive systems or ruminant and
nonruminant animals. Explain the differences in feeds typically used for beef
cattle and for dairy cows.
- Tell how you would properly manage a cow, horse, sheep, goat, or hog, or a
poultry flock, including adequate feeding. Tell what must be done to prevent
illness, blemishes, defects, and disease arising from improper and unsanitary
- Tell about three career opportunities in animal science.
Complete ONE of the following options:
Beef Cattle Option
- Visit a farm or ranch where beef cattle are produced under any of these
- feeding market cattle for harvest
- producing feeder cattle for sale to commercial cattle feeders
- producing purebred cattle for sale as breeding stock to other
Talk with the operator. Tell how the cattle were handled, fed, weighed,
- Sketch a plan of a feedlot, forage and grain storage facilities, and
loading chute for 30 or more fattening steers, or a corral plan with cutting
and loading chutes for handling 50 or more beef cows and their calves at one
- Submit a sketch showing the principal wholesale and retail cuts of beef.
Tell about U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) dual grading system of
beef. Tell about the grades in each system.
- Define the following terms: bull, steer, bullock, cow, heifer,
freemartin, heiferette, calf.
- Tell how a cow or goat converts forage and grain into milk.
- Make a chart showing the ingredients in cows' milk or goat's milk. Chart
the amount of each ingredient.
- Explain the requirements for producing Grade A milk. Tell how milk is
- Tell about the kinds of equipment and sanitation standards for dairy
- Define the following terms: bull, cow, steer, heifer, springer; buck,
- Visit a dairy farm or milk processing plant. Tell about your visit.
- Make a sketch of a useful saddle horse barn and exercise yard.
- Tell about the history of the horse and the benefits it has brought to
- Define the following terms: mare, stallion, gelding, foal, colt, filly;
mustang, quarter horse, draft horse, pacer, trotter; pinto, calico,
palomino, overo, tobiano.
- Visit a horse farm. Describe your visit.
- Outline the proper feeding of a horse doing light work. Explain why the
amount and kind of feed will change according to the kind of horse and the
work it does. Describe the symptoms of colic.
- Make a sketch of a live lamb. Show the location of the various wholesale
and retail cuts.
- Select two breeds that would be appropriate for the production of
crossbred market lambs in your region. Identify which breed the ram should
- Choose three breeds and offer a crossbreeding plan that would use the
best characteristics of each breed for maximum sheep production efficiency.
- Visit a farm or ranch where sheep are raised. Tell about your visit,
including the feeding program used. If you cannot visit a sheep farm or
ranch, view a video from a breed association, or research the Internet for
information on sheep production. Tell about your findings.
- Describe some differences between the production of pure-bred and
- Define the following terms: wether, ewe, ram, lamb.
- Visit a farm where hogs are produced, or visit a packing plant handling
hogs. Describe your visit. If you cannot visit a hog production unit or
packing plant, view a video from a packer or processor. Tell about the
- Outline in writing the proper feeding from the breeding of gilt or sow
through the weaning of the litter. Discuss the growth and finishing periods.
- Make a sketch showing the principal wholesale and retail cuts of pork.
Tell about the recommended USDA grades of pork. Tell the basis for each
- Define the following terms: gilt, sow, barrow, boar.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Manage an egg-producing flock for five months. Keep records of feed
purchased, eggs sold, medication, vaccination, and mortality. Present
records for review.
- Raise 20 chicks, poults, or ducklings. Keep records of feed intake,
weight gains, medication, vaccination, and mortality. Present records for
review. Kill and dress two birds.
- Visit a commercial layer or broiler chicken producer, or a turkey
production unit. Tell about your visit. If you cannot visit a commercial
poultry or egg farm, view a video from a poultry association or research
the Internet for information on poultry production. Tell about your
- Make a sketch of a layer house or broiler house showing nests, roosts,
feeders, waterers, and means of ventilation. Explain how insulation,
ventilation, temperature controls, automatic lights, and other environmental
controls are used to protect birds from heat, cold, and bad weather.
- Tell about the grading of eggs. Tell how broilers (fryers) are graded.
Describe the classes of chicken meat.
- Define the following terms: hen, rooster, chick, capon, tom, poult.
BSA Advancement ID#: 18
Source: Boy Scout
Requirements, #33215E, revised 2002